This is a relatively easy exercise to understand but can be used at all levels.
- Print several flags to countries you think the learners don’t know and distribute them to the learners. They should not show their flag to their classmates.
- As homework tell them to find out which country the flag belongs to. Then have them read about the country. For low levels suggest “simple wikipedia” instead of the normal one. Also encourage them to watch youtube videos about the country or browse newspaper articles (google search the NEWS tab and the country). They can make some notes about the country.
- In the next lesson, ask each learner to show their flag. The other learners should ask any questions (other than What country is it?) to get more information. For lower levels you can elicit/board some question prompts such as “Is it in Asia/Europe/Africa/South America?/Do the people speak English?/Is it cold/hot/wet/dry? etc.
- Once they have guessed the flag, the person who researched can give any additional information they learned about the country.
- Optional follow up: Have the learners write a text about the country, this could be a) a summary b) a comparison to their own country or c) another topic related to the country
1-1: This activity can be adapted in that you should give the learner several flags (3-4) and follow instructions as above. The trainer should also participate with 3-4 flags.
I use this exercise with any level from B1-C2. I usually use it with a text, for example an article.
- After doing an interactive lead-in to the topic and prediction questions based on the headline, distribute the text/article.
- As homework have the learners read the text (if it is long, break it into sections and one group reads one section).
- Then they should create a vocabulary quiz (including collocations, phrasal verbs, idioms etc.). The quiz can take various forms and they are allowed to choose:
- match the definition to the word (they get the definitions from a dictionary)
- find the word in the text with this definition… (from a dictionary)
- gap fill (they type a sentence from the text and leave one word/phrase out)
- label the diagram with words from the text (they bring a diagram)
- broken collocations (match the first part of the collocation to the second part)
- I usually limit it to 5 or 10 words. The learners are already familiar with these exercises from me, books, workbooks and worksheets from the training, so remind them to look at those for inspiration.
- They bring enough copies for everyone in class.
- You can do the quizzes as a straight up “test” or I like to make a game out of it. Give them a few minutes alone (or in pairs if weaker) if needed or do it spontaneously for stronger learners. Then “Who has number 4 on Maria’s quiz?” and give a point to the first team to correctly answer it.
It’s great to see them create these quizzes. Once they are strong on the vocabulary, of course we return to the actual text and then do various discussion/comprehension activities.